In children that have been sexually abused, what is the most effective psychological therapy in reducing short and/or long term trauma?
methodological limitations of the included studies, no definite
clinical implications could be made from the available evidence.
The current evidence does suggest that Cognitive Behavioural
Therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for children who have been
sexually abused. One randomised controlled trial reported an
effective CBT treatment specific to preschool children and their
The authors of the included studies reported that additional
well-controlled and empirically based treatment outcome studies are
needed and that research should continue to identify therapy
ingredients that are critical to successful outcomes. Another
suggested that research should examine children presenting
co-morbid conditions, the role of parental involvement and the
degree of trauma focus necessary to produce optimal outcomes across
domains. It was also suggested that it is important to develop,
identify and utilise psychometrically sound instruments designed
for young children.