In medium and low secure services, what are the most effective interventions for reducing violence in service users?
Plain language summary
There is limited high quality evidence into interventions for
reducing violence in service users. High quality research is needed
in this area to adequately assess the effectiveness of
interventions for reducing violence in service users.
Clinical and research implications
Evidence about the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural
therapy (CBT) interventions for reducing violent or aggressive
behaviour in service users is inconclusive; studies do not report
sufficient information to allow adequate interpretation and
findings were inconsistent. There is no evidence to support
the use of other psychological interventions. There is some
evidence to suggest that clozapine may be more effective than
olanzapine or haloperidol for reducing violent behaviour.
Further research is needed to assess longer-term and comparative
effects of psychological interventions and to confirm findings
about pharmacological interventions.
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