In adults with depression, which group intervention is most effective in improving patient outcomes?
Plain language summary
There is limited evidence that adequately compares the
effectiveness of different group interventions for the treatment of
depression. More high quality research is required to determine the
most effective group therapy in relieving symptoms of
Clinical and research implications
There is insufficient evidence to draw any reliable comparisons
between the effectiveness of different group psychological
interventions for depression. Weak evidence, from a meta-analysis
of 14 studies and one additional randomised controlled trial (RCT),
suggests that group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) may be
effective in reducing depressive symptoms in clinically depressed
adults. Results from the additional RCT also suggest that mutual
support groups may be as effective as CBT. Research is needed to
determine which group interventions may be effective in adults with
depression and to determine their relative efficacy.
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