In adults who have been a victim of a sexual assault/abuse, which group interventions are effective in improving trauma symptoms?
There is limited high quality evidence on group interventions
for improving trauma symptoms in adults who have been a victim of a
sexual assault. More quality research is needed in this area.
Clinical and research implications
There is limited, poor quality evidence, from small randomised
controlled trials (RCTs) that a variety of group psychological
interventions (no two studies evaluated the same intervention) may
be effective in reducing trauma and related symptoms, in adult
women who have experienced childhood sexual abuse. There was no
evidence that any one type of group psychotherapy was more
effective than others. There were no studies of people who had
experienced sexual assault in adulthood and findings may therefore
have limited applicability.
High quality randomised controlled trials of standardised
interventions are needed to adequately assess the effectiveness of
psychological interventions for victims of sexual assault. Studies
focussing of people who have experienced sexual assault in
adulthood, rather than those who experienced sexual abuse in
childhood, and studies which include men are particularly
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