In bereaved adults, which group interventions are effective in improving trauma symptoms?
More research is needed into the effectiveness of group
interventions for bereaved adults, as well as looking more
specifically into the differential effects between populations such
as mothers and fathers following the death of a child.
Clinical and research implications
Evidence about the effectiveness of group interventions for
bereaved adults is extremely sparse. There is some indication, from
one very poor quality randomised controlled trial, that support
groups may improve the negative symptoms of bereaved mothers.
However, the size of this effect was not reported and, therefore,
its clinical significance cannot be assessed. The same study found
that the support group had a negative effect on bereaved
Studies are needed to adequately assess the effectiveness of
group interventions in different bereaved populations.
Standardisation of interventions is required to facilitate
comparisons between studies and pooling of evidence. Where
interventions for bereaved parents are assessed, particular
attention should be paid to potential differential effects between
mothers and fathers.
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